Thursday, 3 July 2014

Understand endometriosis, a disease that affects 10% of Brazilian

The Endometriosis is a disease more common than we realize. It affects about 176 million women worldwide. Only in Brazil, it is estimated that endometriosis affects the lives of six million Brazilian. High incidence of endometriosis According to a study by the Brazilian Association of Endometriosis, about 10% to 15% of women between 13 and 45 years old may develop the disease to be of reproductive age.

 Moreover, the chances of infertility for these women may reach 30%. However, these numbers may be even higher because often the endometriosis is not diagnosed, so it is not treated.

  The most frequent symptom of endometriosis is pain in the abdomen or pelvis. Photo: Shutterstock The most frequent symptom of endometriosis is pain in the abdomen or pelvis. Photo: Shutterstock Causes of Endometriosis 
 The causes of endometriosis are unknown, but there are indications that there is a higher risk in those women who have no case in the family in the first degree, as mother or sister.

 The Endometriosis is a disease characterized by the presence of endometrial - tissue which lines the uterus internally - outside the uterine cavity , in the form of flaps, nodules, lesions or tumors (benign). In endometriosis , it may be the abnormal

 growth of the endometrium in the ovaries, the fallopian tubes , bladder, large intestine or even the ligaments that support the uterus. During ovulation, the endometrium thickens and it happens so that the fertilized egg can take shelter in it. When no fertilization occurs, the end of the cycle , it is expelled by the scale and

 menstruation. However, these cells are born outside the womb are also stimulated by hormones,

 but have no where to go. Thus starting the symptoms of endometriosis , for the blood produced outside the uterus resulting in the degradation of blood, which leads to inflammation, pain and even infertility.

Symptoms of endometriosis The most common symptom of endometriosis is pain in the abdomen or pelvis, particularly during the menstruation period l . However, some women do not have any pain, even though the disease.

 Symptoms of endometriosis may include: - Menstrual cramps and also intense during menstruation; - Chronic pain in back and pelvic region; - Pain during or after sexual intercourse ; - intestinal pain ; - Painful bowel movements or painful urination during menstrual periods; - Menstrual bleeding irregular or heavy; -

 Difficult to get pregnant ; - Diarrhoea, constipation , bloating, or nausea, especially during menstrual periods. Diagnosis of endometriosis The gynecologist can start the diagnosis of endometriosis through your medical history and symptoms presented. However, the diagnosis made ​​by imaging tests is more appropriate to indicate the possible presence or absence of disease, which must be confirmed by specific laboratory tests.  

 How to Treat Endometriosis There is no cure for endometriosis , but there are treatments for the pain and infertility that it causes. So it is important to talk with a doctor about the best method in each case. Treatment for endometriosis depends on the symptoms, age and plans to become pregnant patient. The most commonly used are surgery, in more severe cases, or clinical treatment with hormones

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