Wednesday, 9 July 2014

Want to improve the results in bodybuilding? Find out how!

Fortunately bodybuilding gained a place in the fitness world and has many supporters. However, I believe that is the sport that causes more questions, involving taboos and lies, both in relation to training, and in relation to diet.

The training can be used for various purposes: gain lean body mass, fat elimination, muscle building or maintenance. However, diet is of utmost importance to any of these goals, because without it, the results usually do not come.

musculação_Upon entering the gym, usually people already want to take supplements. Many men sometimes buy supplements before performing registration! Little do they know that without a strong workout and a good diet, supplementation may not make much difference.

Many women have the illusion that doing a light workout will lose weight or gain what they want and even to devote to training will be very muscular! So this is where the work of nutritionists and physical education teacher to present important tips:

When the goal is weight loss, the diet should have a reduced caloric value, but needs to continue high in protein and good carbs, after all, if one reduces too much, you will lose strength, endurance and muscles use for energy recovery. The practitioner should plan to eat small amounts of food every three hours,
 improve the quality of meals and avoid fast foods, fat mass, soft drinks and sweets. Those who practice bodybuilding to lose weight, should caprichar in fruits, vegetables, lean meats, low-fat dairy and whole grains.

- When the goal is to gain lean muscle mass, discipline should be the same and the greater amount of calories than you spend (otherwise no mass gain). But it is not because the individual wants to gain weight you can eat all you want, after all, if he can do this to increase their total weight,       

 but will also gain a lot of body fat (which nobody wants). So the schema for this individual is the same, what will change is the amount of food and the division of the nutrients.

For example, this individual can consume more fat than you want to lose weight (if they are good fats) and more carbohydrates as well. Protein must also be high. This type of practitioner, over the months, you may need some sort of supplementation to improve results and increase strength, but they should only be given by a sports nutritionist.
- When the individual wishes to muscle building or weight maintenance, apply to it the rules of healthy eating and nutritional education. A healthy diet is based on food pyramid: variety in the consumption of food groups, colorful diet, decreased groups of fats, sugars, etc..

So, if you are practicing bodybuilding and have some goal, know that suits your type of workout nutrition will make a big difference, because it will help you achieve your goals faster and improve their motivation.

How to increase your muscle mass

Gain muscle mass is made ​​in two parts: First, make sure you eat right. An increase in muscle mass involves eating well, eating more food rich in calories.

However, the proteins must be in the majority feed plane. Then you should plan sessions of exercise. Materials bodybuilding help achieve the goal. Increasing muscle mass is a laborious process, whose implementation depends on two factors: the diet and exercise.

Attention to food
Gaining muscle mass means the general increase in body mass, but it is also a reduction of fat contained in the body. Choice allows a power to achieve this goal. For this, we need to increase the amount of daily calories. Earlier, the increase will be only 20% of their usual regime.

However, if the weight gain is not effective after two weeks, it is possible to allow a further increase to 10% of calories in the diet. In cases where the person is actually very thin, it can add to your meal 50% more calories.
In parallel, it is important to respect a certain proportion of food quality. Half the calories should come from carbohydrates.
Dried pasta, rice, bread and potatoes contain a lot of carbohydrates. Proteins also help to form a solid and massive muscles.

It is natural, therefore, pay attention to the amount absorbed. An addition of two grams per kilogram of body mass is required. Then, if a person weighs 60 kg, it should eat 120g of protein per day. The meat and fish, for example, contain a lot of protein.

Finally, lipids provide a quarter of the calories consumed. Many dietary supplements can help improve the diet.

Special products contain additional proteins like Whey Isolate, designed to act directly on muscle mass.
Vitamins and antioxidants help to assimilate quickly the food eaten.

With creatine, people who follow a regime espedial can abuse a bit of strenuous exercise, because this substance improves recovery time. Whatever the case, you should always drink enough to eliminate waste and toxins from the body.

Make exercise
The exercise turn fat into energy. After a series of training, what remains are the muscles. Moreover, physical activity stimulates the body to absorb more food and thus increase muscle mass.

Exercise should obey some rules to be effective.
He must act on the major muscle tissues with an intensity, frequency and duration sufficient. In general, it is recommended to do two to three weekly workouts.

To develop muscle strength, experts indicate that the ideal for a run time is 20 minutes to half an hour.
The best time of day to run is, without doubt, at dawn. You better wake up early and enjoy the fresh morning air. The intensity is obtained by working the muscles with specific movements

. Is there a particular exercise for each muscle group: biceps, triceps, etc.. Repeat the movement of eight to twelve times per session.   

To do this, a large number of materials is available to bodybuilders. The mats allow act on the leg muscles.
Banks with weight bar and weights are ideal for working the arms and forearms. If you prefer not to get too tired, electrical stimulation devices are also available. Otherwise, abdominal and pumps remain on top of the list of strenuous exercise, but giving results.

Inter-sessional activities, recovery time will allow muscles to develop. So it is very important to respect the pauses to rest.

Finally, it should be noted that, before each session, the individual can not forget to do warm-up exercises to prevent injuries. When these principles are respected, can be expected to gain in the morning from 5 to 10kg in Space three months.

Workout without nutritional education brings not result

Normally when thinking about keeping the body in shape come readily to mind a dual strategy to achieve the goal: eat a lot and train more, as if that were the key to success. But it turns out that this thinking can be wrong and can make you spend energy and not see any results.

No use train hard and start eating everything - and all the time. That does not make much difference. According to nutritionist and athlete Giovanna Guido,
 there must be an entire nutritional education and dietary adequacy for satisfactory gain mass without fat gain. "Many feel that to gain mass just train hard and eat a lot. The basics are this myself, but the danger lies in that "eating too much", after all, the quality of the diet should also be maintained. "
Typically, dietary reeducation is recommended for those who want to lose weight, with light to eliminate the excess of the daily diet of patients and makes it healthier goal. This is made necessary by the fact that, over the years, we including in our diet foods we like, not the ones that are better for health.

That's why nutritionists indicate dietary reeducation as definitive for a healthier life without excess weight and free from diseases that are brought about as a result of poor diet. For athletes who wish to gain weight, the tip is the same: eat foods that help gain lean mass.
Dietary reeducation to gain lean mass
There are many natural foods that can contribute significantly to gain lean mass. They can be a great ally to achieve the dream goal of getting to the perfect body.

Here are the foods you can include in your diet to gain muscle mass in a healthy way with nutritional education.
nutritional educationTuna - It is an excellent source of protein as well as being practical and have an important role to regulate our body naturally, through the essential oils present in it;

Tuesday, 8 July 2014

Disease at work: know the main diseases affecting

It is through work that we get our livelihood and contribute to society through physical or intellectual effort. But unfortunately, not every job is decent and safe for the worker and some endanger the integrity of the employee due to accidents or infections diseases. Generally, problems occur because of the very nature of the function or the lack of safety and equipment, overlooked by employers and officials. Find out now what are the main occupational diseases in Brazil!

Disease at work: why occupational diseases occur and what are they?
Disease at work: Vision Problems
Complications and vision problems are common in most of the workers who work at night. This type of disease occurs because during the night the body alters its hormone production, reducing the ability of some of its functions. As these hours are not intended for sleep wear can occur in excess. Replacing the night by day too uncooperative for optimal recovery. Therefore, the worker is at risk of being affected by conjunctivitis , cataracts or even completely lose vision.

Disease at work: Cancer and evils of radiation
The most severe diseases caused by work are caused by radiation. Exposure to X rays and gamma rays can lead to changes in cell production. The ultraviolet waves, infrared, radio and microwave, can affect internal organs - such as the testes, impairing fertility or sexual potency. But the most serious occupational disease is cancer, which can affect the skin, lungs or other organs. Construction workers are more easily harmed because they handle welding and similar devices, and other workers dealing with radioactive equipment without proper protection.
Disease at work: Skin Diseases
Prolonged contact with toxic chemicals such as cement, paints and solvents, can cause serious complications. Because of this, employees of chemical, textile and metallurgical industries are subject to diseases like dermatitis and even skin cancer . A substance called dichromate is one of the most harmful to the body and is present in most of the products used in factories and buildings. May cause itching, redness and result in the appearance of vesicles. The main preventive measure is the use of special protective clothing during work hours.

illness at workDisease at work: READ
Repetitive Strain Injuries are a number of physical problems, such as  tendonitis , tenosynovitis and bursitis also caused by intense physical labor. Appear more frequently in the factory workers, who work for a long period of time doing the same movements. Spending hours in front of a computer can also cause complications. The recommended workers is conducting several breaks during the working hours and performing stretching exercises during breaks.
Disease at work: Occupational stress
The stress occupational, caused by hectic pace of big cities and modern societies, is diagnosed in almost all professional activities. Excessive workload, inappropriate hours, bullying or harassment, low pay or lack of materials for the profession are some of the most frequent causes. Often provoke an aggressive and anxious behavior and even gastrointestinal problems.
Disease at work: Depression and mental disorders
Mental illnesses domain are increasingly common. Mental disorders can appear when working conditions and the psychological pressure is so intense that tend to aggravate stress. The patient may present even more serious disorders - such as social phobia, the depression and panic disorder. Among the hardest hit are professional operators in the financial system, teachers, police officers, journalists and telemarketing.

Doctor explains in detail everything you need to know about treatment

 What is PRP?
Mean platelet rich plasma. Plasma is the liquid part of blood that, after preparation, is enriched with platelets responsible for the repair and healing of tissues through growth factors.

How do you prepare the Platelet Rich Plasma?
The patient has taken a few milliliters of blood, as in a blood test. After it is placed in a centrifuge separating the liquid portion (plasma) part of the cell (red cells, white cells and platelets).

As with the plasma containing platelets portion is separated and injected into the region to be treated.

What is the Platelet Rich Plasma?
Repair and regeneration of tissue through growth factors present in platelets.

Muscle damage (decrease healing time and improve the pain after the first week).
Partial ruptures of tendons (promote improved healing causing the patient to perform the rehabilitation with the best controlled pain).

Total Achilles tendon ruptures (as an aid to nonsurgical treatment) - in some cases may prevent the completion of a surgical procedure.
Elbow tendinitis.

of the knee (knee jumperãs) - pain relief and healing in some cases where there is a small break area.
Prosthesis surgeries (knee and hip) - in a study.

How it works?
Growth factors present in platelets promote regeneration and tissue repair.
Minimally invasive procedure performed in an outpatient setting with / without the aid of ultrasound.
Minimal risk of contamination, which is avoided by following the basic principles of antisepsis.

Nonexistent risk of rejection, since it is the patient himself who donates plasma and platelets.
Significant improvement in pain in the first days.
Disadvantages of Platelet Rich Plasma
Cost to the patient, since operators health have not release this procedure.
Note: Some indications are still being studied, waiting for the best scientific evidence for your statement.

Knowledge is never enough! Understand how the cardiovascular system.

The cardiovascular system consists of the heart and the blood vessels, which have the function carry blood rich in oxygen and low in carbon dioxide gas to the entire body, in addition to the blood rich in carbon dioxide and poor in oxygen gas to the lungs. Thus, it promotes a gas exchange that will become again the blood rich in oxygen.

The heart is a hollow muscle that works like a bomb. The anatomy of the cardiovascular system, the right side of the heart receives blood rich in carbon dioxide and leads to the lungs where it receives oxygen. From there, it goes to the left atrium, and this, to the left ventricle, where it exits the aorta, causing the oxygen-rich blood and nutrients throughout the body .
To ensure that blood flows in one direction, the heart has four valves : pulmonary, tricuspid, aortic and mitral. Have to be able to circulate throughout the body, the blood needs to flow within blood vessels: arteries, arterioles, capillaries, veins and smaller arteries.

The entire functioning of the cardiovascular system is based on the beat heart . With their basis, the atria and ventricles of the HEART relaxam and contraem, um forming cycle to ensure circulation to the entire body. Assim, the cardiovascular system involves both the blood system quanto lymphatic system.
Diseases of the cardiovascular system 

Diseases of the cardiovascular system, particularly the coronary arteries and the stroke (Stroke) are the leading causes of death worldwide. A stroke, or stroke, occurs when there is blockage or rupture of blood vessels in the brain, which may cause loss of movement, problems in speech and vision. Have cardiomyopathy is a disease that primarily affects the heart muscle.   

Heart failure occurs when the heart can not pump enough blood to meet the body's needs, also be characterized as a blood disease of the cardiovascular system as well as cardiac arrhythmia - irregular heartbeat that may cause palpitations and shortness of breath.

Other diseases of the cardiovascular system are angina (a severe chest pain that usually appears to make an effort and relieved by rest), myocardial infarction (which is characterized by severe chest pain caused by lack of blood in the heart that can lead death), valvulopathy (a group of diseases that affects any of the four valves that control blood flow in the heart), and the presence of any congenital heart disease , may be a cardiac malformation, such as a heart murmur.
Despite medical advances , the best treatment remains prevention. Some attitudes and care can prevent or delay the onset of cardiovascular disease.

The physical exercise is extremely important for preventing cardiovascular disease because it promotes physical and mental well being, reduces blood pressure and helps control and prevent diabetes and keep weight, preventing obesity. Adopting a Healthy, Internatio supply l is also extremely effective in preventing the cardiovascular system.

understand the signals the body gives

Apparently uncertain, symptoms of anemia may mislead the patient about the diagnosis or even unnoticed, because it confused with the minor shortcomings of everyday life that our body has. Ideally, seek medical attention if these signs appear - and intensify with physical exercise - to ensure an accurate opinion and to identify the causes.

Before speaking of his evidence, let the definition: Anemia is a condition in which insufficient in size and number of red blood cells - or the amount of hemoglobin they contain - limits the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between blood cells and tissue.

 Most anemia is caused by a lack of nutrients needed for normal synthesis of erythrocytes, particularly iron , vitamin B12 and folic acid. Others result from a variety of conditions, such as hemorrhage, genetic abnormalities, chronic pathological conditions, bone marrow problems infection or drugs.

  Those resulting from inadequate intake of iron, vitamins, copper and other nutrients are often called nutritional anemias.
Types and Symptoms of anemia

Drop in blood pressure , pallor, excessive tiredness, dizziness, weakness, muscle pain, drowsiness , shortness of breath, shortness of breath, palpitations, and tachycardia are among the main symptoms of anemia. In most cases, a few simple blood tests can detect the cause, so keep your medical check up and updated nutrition is extremely important.

If you think there is only iron deficiency anemia, you're wrong. There are several types, so it pays to know the most common:

Iron deficiency anemia: characterized by inadequate iron intake through diet. The sources of iron are red meat, oysters, fish, viscera, asparagus, oats, grains, nuts, dark green vegetables, egg yolk, nuts, molasses, broccoli. Several factors influence the bioavailability of dietary iron. The rate of absorption depends on the individual state of iron, as reflected by the level of iron stores.

 The lower iron stores, the greater the absorption, because your body has been deprived of this nutrient. Therefore, it is recommended to include absorption enhancers in the diet, such as vitamin C , for example. It binds to iron, forming a complex for easy absorption.

 Then, include a source of vitamin C with each meal. The more foods rich in this vitamin are: Pineapple, acerola, guava, cashew, kiwi, orange, lemon, papaya, strawberry, tangerine, watercress, beet, cabbage, cauliflower, spinach, yellow pepper, mustard, cabbage, arugula, parsley and celery, broccoli.
Megaloblastic Anemia caused by vitamin B12 or folic acid deficiency.

The sources of vitamin B12 are meat, liver, kidney, eggs, fish, milk and cheese. The sources of folic acid are: meat, poultry, fish, eggs, offal, legumes, dairy products, apricot, orange, banana, sweet potato, broccoli, spinach, barley, wheat bread.

Copper deficiency anemia: in this case, as the person does not have sufficient amount of copper in the body, iron can not be released, leading to low levels of serum iron and hemoglobin, even in the presence of normal iron stores. The quantity of copper necessary for normal hemoglobin synthesis are so small that, in general,
are supplied by a proper diet. The sources of copper are: brown sugar, artichoke, raw and roasted peanuts, rice, oats, broccoli, cocoa powder, crab, beef, Brazil nuts, barley, chocolate, mushrooms, peas, lentils, egg yolk, bread rye, radish.

Sideroblastic anemia (vitamin B6 responsive) are required 25-100 times the nutritional recommendations of this vitamin, and treatment can last for a lifetime. The sources of vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) are: pork, milk, eggs, potatoes, oatmeal, banana, wheat germ.

Anemia responsive to vitamin E: hemolysis occurs (death) of early erythrocytes. The sources of vitamin E are wheat germ, wheat germ oil, soybean oil, rice, maize, cotton, sunflower, egg yolk, leafy vegetables and legumes.

There are two types of iron in foods: heme iron (high availability features, present in greater amounts in meat) and nonheme iron (low availability, present in greater amounts in vegetables). So it is good to be aware and always eat some food that contains this nutrient. Foods rich in these elements are:

Heme iron (high bioavailability): meat (red, poultry, fish and seafood); offal (liver, heart, kidney, gizzard, lung, tongue, tripe, tripe, tripe) and processed meats (sausages, hams, mortadella, salami, blanquet).
Non-heme iron (low bioavailability): legumes (beans, chickpeas, lentils, peas, lupins, soybeans, peanuts); vegetables (taro, yams); leafy (spinach, kale, watercress, bertalha, broccoli, arugula and smell); egg yolk; seeds (walnut, chestnut); cane sugar, brown sugar, molasses, brown sugar and fortified and enriched (corn flakes, chocolate, biscuits fortified) foods.

Do not wait for symptoms of anemia settle - indeed, of any disease! Always keep a healthy diet and consult a nutritionist so you can adjust their menu to their real needs.

Know the causes of rheumatism in the blood and how is the treatment

Characterized by causing inflammation in the joints, rheumatism in the blood is an autoimmune disease caused by the bacterium Streptococcus Beta-Hemolytic, who has neck pain as their main symptom. The aggravating factor is that by not receiving the treatment appropriate, it can develop into a serious health problem .

Scientifically known as rheumatic fever, the disease manifests itself most frequently in children between 5 and 15 years of age and may rarely also be diagnosed in adults. Common in areas of low incidence of sanitation , the bacteria found in these environments, perfect conditions to proliferate.
However, not all people are infected by this micro-organism that end up suffering from rheumatism blood. It takes a certain genetic condition for this predisposition.

The first symptom presented by the action of Streptococcus is even sore throat. however, so the body begins to produce antibodies against the bacteria, the pain quickly disappears.

The problem in this case is that the genetic makeup of the bacterium is very similar to the joints in our body, which ends up confusing the defense system, which proceeds to attack the body itself.
With this, there are very severe joint pain and swelling that is caused by inflammation, which disappear two to three days, but return to manifest in other joint in the body.

Over time, the pain becomes so severe that the individual shall not bear the act of getting. In more severe cases of rheumatism in the blood, when illness strikes a child and gets to the heart and nervous system, it may present fatigue, cardiorespiratory failure or even suffer cardiac arrests due to the destruction of the tissues of the heart .

Moreover, the attack on the central nervous system can cause the child suffers from mood swings and behavior, which may cause involuntary limb movements.
Treating rheumatism blood

The most common form of treatment for rheumatism blood is by means of antibiotics , including penicillin, which must be administered by intramuscular injection and periodically. As for pain and inflammation, analgesic drugs should be administered.

In the case of cardiovascular impairment , use of cortisone is required. Is a disease with serious complications that can even lead to death, it is necessary to treat it properly, following the therapy prescribed by the physician. Because it is a bacteria, if treatment is stopped on its own, it can be strengthened and become more difficult to control in the future.

As prevention is the best way to avoid the appearance of any disease, it is important to note that measures can be taken to prevent the development of arthritis in the blood. The main one is to see a specialist at any sign of inflammation in the throat.

Disease prevention is simple and is usually done by the use of benzathine penicillin. The important thing is to figure out the problem as soon as possible because, as experts point out, in about 50% of cases, the heart and the central nervous system can be damaged seriously.

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Monday, 7 July 2014

Big Heart Disease: Discover symptoms, causes and treatment

Dilated cardiomyopathy, known as the Big Heart disease is a disease of the heart muscle, which prevents the pumping of blood suitable for the body.

This condition leads to ventricular dilatation and left the consequences such as arrhythmias, blood clots and even sudden death. This disease can affect people of all ages, with or without apparent symptoms.
big heart

If the cause of great heart for infection, patients may present sudden fever. Photo: Shutterstock
Causes Big Heart

It is the most common form of cardiomyopathy. According to cardiologists, is one of the leading indications for heart transplantation . Worldwide, around 40% of cases are hereditary.

But there is only one possible cause for the large heart (dilated cardiomyopathy). It may be established between the main origins of the condition, the genetic load , infections (viruses and parasites can affect the myocardium, as is the case of Chagas' disease ),

 autoimmune diseases, excessive consumption of alcohol, drugs (chemotherapy, corticosteroids) and exposure to toxins such as lead, mercury and cobalt.

In addition to these conditions, some hormonal disorders such as morbid obesity, diabetes mellitus and disorders of the thyroid gland can cause dilated cardiomyopathy.

 In Latin America, including Brazil, Chagas disease, which affects the cardiovascular system, is among the main causes for the so-called big heart.

Dyspnea (difficulty breathing during exercise) and fatigue (tiredness) are among the first symptoms of dilated cardiomyopathy . Where the result of a large heart infection, initial signals may include sudden fever.

Regardless of the source of the problem, the heart rate increases, your blood pressure is between normal and low water retention and usually occur in the lower limbs.

During the medical examination, inadequate valve locks can produce heart murmurs, which can be auscultated by stethoscope. Cardiac arrhythmias can be detected with myocardial damage.

To get a diagnosis, the doctor examines the symptoms reported by the patient, perform a physical examination and asks various examinations.

The electrocardiogram may show cardiac abnormalities, chest X-ray shows increased heart area and echocardiography generates an image that can become the main element of verification of dilated cardiomyopathy. Finally, MRI , cardiac catheterization are also important for obtaining broader picture of the disease instruments.

The large heart is the condition for which more is recommended cardiac transplantation. That is, the prognosis is not good in most cases. And worsens as the cardiac walls become more dilated. According to specialists, 50% of deaths are sudden, resulting from cardiac arrhythmias.

In general, regardless of the cause found, patients suffering from dilated cardiomyopathy need to use multiple drugs (diuretics, vasodilators, among others) to prolong life expectancy .

For patients with cardiac arrhythmia , anticoagulants are recommended. Have patients with severe symptoms , depending on the case, may require pacemaker and automatic implantable defibrillator (which identifies the arrhythmia, and automatically apply electrical discharges).

Even so, it is possible that the specific cause of great heart can not be treated. Often this means, with varying deadlines, that heart failure will lead to the patient's death if he did not perform the surgery for heart transplantation.

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Food and gas are directly connected?

Did you know that there is a relationship between food and gas? More than that: it is possible to reduce its effects, eating the right foods. The gases accumulate in the end region of intestine are released and the voluntary or not. Can cause great discomfort due to abdominal distension and generate to some social embarrassment.

This relationship between food and gas begins by carbohydrates , since most of the food containing these gases cause biomolecules. Raffinose, for example, is present in the beans and other legumes, and is not well digested, promotes fermentation. Gases also cause the cruciferous foods (such as broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower), which contains sulfur.

and gas supply
Change the power may be needed to avoid uncomfortable gases. Photo: Shutterstock
The natural sugar in milk and its derivatives, called lactose, and another that creates intestinal gas, especially in people who do not produce adequate amounts of lactase enzyme that digests the lactose. The fructose and sorbitol, sugars present in fruits, can also cause gas.

The relationship between food and gas beyond. Eat potatoes, corn, pasta and wheat also influences the problem. The starch containing residues that are not absorbed and go to the large intestine where they are fermented by bacteria. In turn, red meat has a very slow digestion, which lasts 48 to 72 hours. Thus, there is greater action of bacteria in the large intestine. Moreover, many proteins are composed of amino acids having sulfur.

The fibers are great for maintaining a balanced diet , however mainly soluble (beans, peas, oats and present in fruits) can cause gas.

Control of food and gas

Although there is the relationship between power and gases, the problem varies from person to person and depending on the amount of beneficial and harmful bacteria in the intestine. Thus, the best way to avoid flatulence is shifting power to balance the intestinal flora . For this, you need to follow certain guidelines, as listed below:

- Eat foods with fructooligosaccharide (chicory, garlic, onion, artichoke, asparagus, tomato banana and other vegetables). They promote the growth of nonpathogenic bacteria also avoiding colds light;

- Reponha lactobacilli (yogurt and fermented milks) beneficamente to colonize the intestine. Um nutritionist can guide on the use of capsules, já that this QUANTITY em yogurt and fermented milks não can be enough;
- Reduce intake of bad fats (processed foods, fried, fatty meats and sausages) and excess protein (meat, poultry, cheese and other animal derivatives), facilitating digestion;
- Reduce your intake of refined sugar . To be poorly digested, it generates fermentation in the in

\testine and promotes the growth of pathogenic bacteria and fungi;
- Include herbs (fennel, dill, cinnamon and cumin) in the diet. Helps prevent and relieve flatulence, relaxing the digestive tract;

- Eat pineapple and papaya after meals. They act in the digestion of meat proteins because they have enzymes (papain and bromalina) that assist in the process;

- Eat and chew quietly and food. Dine hastily disrupts digestion and the bolus can reach the intestine without being digested properly;
- Avoid carbonated drinks and beer;

- Increase water intake by eating fiber. This will accelerate intestinal transit;
- Practice physical activities . A simple walk already helps in bowel movements and makes you better address this relationship between food and gas.

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You need to be aware of: you know that dizziness could mean heart problems?

A simple dizziness that usually passes quickly, can have a number of hidden reasons. Have more than 300 are estimated clinical conditions that can lead to anything this nice feeling

 . Dizziness can be a sign of labyrinthitis , diabetes, high cholesterol, hypotension, hypoglycemia, anemia , anxiety, hormonal or neurological disorders and migraine, and can represent more 
severe, as a cardiovascular disease . dizziness One of the heart disease that can cause dizzy is cardiac arrhythmia. Photo: Shutterstock There are a number of heart-related that can cause episodes of dizziness disorders. 

Therefore, the occurrence of this feeling of malaise, do not ignore or minimize the box: it is important to seek medical attention and report to him how often and under what conditions appear dizziness.

Only then, the expert can make an analysis of probable cause and assess whether it is related to any heart problem. Diseases that result in dizziness One of the heart disease that can generate Dizziness is the cardiac arrhythmia characterized by the feeling that the heartbeats are fast, slow, or even lack of them or interruption. 

Cardiac arrhythmia can be felt both in the chest, the throat or neck. Dizziness can also signal a box aortic stenosis, cardiac disease in which the aortic valve is narrower than normal, preventing blood from flowing out of the heart to the rest of sufficient quantity body.

Heart valve disease can also cause dizziness. Manifesting when the heart valves do not work properly, this type of condition causes the heart muscle loses the ability to pump blood. In some cases, the occurrence of the condition may be fatal, particularly when the diagnosis of the problem is made ​​so late. 

Atherosclerosis is one of the most common causes of cardiovascular disease process that affects the heart and can also result in dizziness. She is responsible for hardening arteries and weaken the heart muscle, which ultimately hurts the ability of pumping blood to the body efficiently and thus hampering irrigation and oxygenation of the body. 

Other causes In addition to signal a possible heart disease, dizziness may signify the presence of other diseases in the body. One of the most common causes of the condition among young healthy is vasovagal syndrome. Through it, the patient may suffer a sudden drop in blood pressure or your heart rate, compared to situations of stress and strong emotions.

These symptoms can also occur when the individual is still a long time in one position or face the exercises in an exaggerated way. Apart from dizziness, the syndrome can cause fainting. To detect it, you must perform the Tilt-Test Tilt Test or examination.

 Already in the elderly, dizziness is more common in people with labyrinthitis and postural hypotension. While in labyrinthitis dizziness occurs in a roundabout way (when the individual feels that everything around you is spinning), the postural hypotension ,

 the person gets dizzy when trying to change position. As the causes of dizziness are many, it is important to seek medical help to detect your motivator. Prevention and early treatment can prevent the onset of a serious illness.

Learn why you should avoid places with loud and noisy

We are surrounded by noise. The discussion of our colleague, traffic noise, noise from high heels hitting the floor, the music of headphones a passenger in the bus, it's so much noise, so much noise and the worst is that they often do not realize that our everyday environment is surrounded by all this.

But in reality, what many do not suspect is that the distant sound of the jackhammer, the police siren and even the whistle and the ringing of the people around us can have a real effect on our health and the secret will always prevention: avoid noise as much as possible.

Arline Bronzaft, environmental psychologist at New York University and a pioneer in research on noise, explains the impact of noise in our perception: "While the ears recovered the sound vibrations and send them to the temporal lobe for interpretation, are the cognitive functions of the brain that determines whether the sound is undesirable, unpleasant or disturbing. "

The different ways that noise can affect your well-being

The noise can affect learning ability
In a study that refers to sounds and learning , researchers followed two classes at an elementary school in Inwood - a suburb of New York served by an air train. Children in classrooms that are just to the side of the tracks shown to have almost a year of delay learning in relation to children studying in classrooms that were not near the tracks - such rooms are in the "quiet" part of the school.
How come? It's simple: according Bronzaft who led the research, the noise was disturbing enough for teachers to teach 11% less time in rooms noisy classroom.

The noise makes people less productive at work
In a recent article that talks about the offices open, Maria Konnikova the New Yorker revealed that 70% of offices are made in open spaces, or are those offices that have only small partitions of about five feet and sometimes not it, but never actually have walls. This major trend of architecture creates an environment with many disadvantages, including the spread of diseases, lack of personal space, and of course, a big noise in the environment that affect productivity. 

The researchers found that background noise very characteristic of offices offices in shared space inhibits the ability of employees to retain information and perform basic tasks, such as arithmetic, for example. How come? More than a simple distraction, the sounds of an open space cause stress.

 During a study done in the laboratory with women who worked with a certain level of noise in an open space and a second group working in a quiet environment and without noise, the researchers found that women in the first group have higher levels of adrenaline in the blood,

 also indicating an abnormal level of anxiety . Next, the researchers asked participants to solve a series of puzzles unsolved. The participants of the first group (who were more stressed) made ​​fewer attempts to assemble the puzzle, showing a reduced motivation.
A noisy environment can be fatal
According to a 2011 report of the Joint Research Centre of the WHO and the European Commission, regular exposure to a noisy environment, especially if it includes transport noise as the landing of an aircraft or the noise of a train passing on the tracks may lead to an increase in blood pressure and an increased risk of heart attacks fatal.

Sunday, 6 July 2014

Treatment for tachycardia: adenosine know, their contraindications

Adenosine is a cardiac antiarrhythmic that can be found in the form of injectable solution under the trade name Adenocard, indicated for the treatment of tachycardia paroxysmal supraventricular.

In medicine, adenosine is used by intravenous for the reversal of tachyarrhythmias with narrow QRS complex or as a pharmacological agent to cause stress in certain complementary examinations.

Contraindications of adenosine   

Treatment with adenosine is contraindicated in cases of atrioventricular block second or third degree, except for patients with pacemakers, atrial flutter, atrial fibrillation, sick sinus syndrome, ventricular tachycardia , broncoconstritiva or bronchospastic lung disease and during pregnancy .

During the period of breastfeeding , the drug brings no risk, since it ends up being eliminated quickly.
Side effects of adenosine

Although it is an effective method for treating tachycardia , adenosine may cause some side effects. Among them may be mentioned the headache, nausea, pressure in the chest, shortness of breath, a cardiac arrhythmia , the redness on the face and the feeling of imminent fall.

During the medication, there is the possibility of occurrence of episodes of asystole and transient or prolonged ventricular fibrillation. In patients with tachycardia of unknown origin, their use can lead to the manifestation of severe arrhythmias. In patients with angina, unstable, adenosine can cause increased risk of events.   

The side effects do not stop there. The use of adenosine should be avoided by individuals who have autonomic dysfunction, heart disease valvular stenosis, pericarditis or pericardial effusion, carotid stenosis, cerebrovascular insufficiency, hypovolemia, patients with bronchoconstriction or bronchospasm. In all these cases, the end product may exacerbate the symptoms of the diseases described.

It is also important to be very careful when administering other drugs in conjunction with adenosine. The use of dipyridamole, for example, may have potentiated its action. Besides him, caffeine and theophylline may antagonize adenosine. Have carbamazepine may increase the potential for heart block.

During the use of adenosine, is also indicated that patients monitor their blood pressure , heart rate, and if possible, do an electrocardiogram to check the effectiveness of the product.
Using adenosine   

After the drug is opened, it should be used immediately, discarding possible remains. The solution must be clear at the time of use. The injection time should be between one and two seconds (rapid injection), the closest possible location in the body of the patient. Adenosine should not be administered into the veins of the hands or feet.

The correct dose for adults is 6 milligrams. If supraventricular tachycardia paroxysmal is not cleared in one to two minutes, administration of 12 milligrams more of the product is planned. One can also repeat the dose of 12 milligrams is required, but with medical prescription and orientation.

In children, a dose of adenosine should be at 0.05 to 0.1 milligram per kilogram of body weight. If necessary, the dose may be increased every two minutes by 0.05 milligram per kilogram of body weight up to a maximum dose of 0.3 milligram per kilogram of body weight.

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10 super tips to keep away heart disease

Heart disease is a leading cause of death in Brazil and worldwide. To maintain heart health and prevent the onset of cardiovascular disease , it is important to adopt a healthy lifestyle.

Caring for the health of the heart, it becomes much easier to prevent something bad from happening to one of the most important organs of the human body .

10 tips that will prepare you to help care for heart health by implementing small corrective and preventive actions in their daily lives.

Take milk : regularly consume two to four daily servings of low fat dairy products helps lower blood pressure, which in turn reduces the risk of heart attacks and strokes. Have other proteins contained in milk, such as vitamin D, calcium and magnesium, can be beneficial to heart health. However, whole milk contains too much fat .

. 2 Practice exercise : light exercise, such as Tai Chi (Chinese martial art), are ideal for lower blood pressure, causing some heart diseases.

. 3 Eat fish : for its high concentration of omega 3, fish is an important ally in the prevention of coronary heart disease. Place the fish in the diet regularly causes your heart rate to decrease.

. 4 Drink pomegranate juice : besides reducing hardening of the arteries, lowering cholesterol and preventing heart problems, pomegranate juice prevents thickening of the arteries and slows the oxidation of cholesterol by half.   

. 5 Consume soy foods : all its derivatives, such as tofu, milk, protein, and meat juice, have lots of polyunsaturated fats, fiber, vitamins and minerals, which help to care for heart health .

6 Ria without fear. : it is scientifically proven that people who give more laughter and humorous are more are less likely to suffer a heart problem.

7 Sleep well. : people who sleep less than five hours per day have a 30% increased risk of developing heart disease than those who sleep eight hours. Sleep deprivation results in the compression of blood vessels and increased blood pressure. It also affects the regulation of blood sugar, contributing to the development of vascular disease that can lead to heart disease.

. 8 Breathe deeply : to breathe more slowly and deeply, about ten breaths per minute instead of 17 normal breaths for 15 minutes a day over two months, it is possible to keep the blood pressure under control.
9 Listen to calm music rhythms.

 : the simple act of listening to music with slow rhythms or calmer for meditation, helps to bring the heart rate to healthy levels. Already the contrary, accelerates respiration and circulation.

Walk 10. : do walking is the best exercise for heart health care. Unlike race, which accelerates the heartbeat, the walks are softer and help strengthen the heart and reduce cholesterol. With 30 minutes of light walking a day can reduce the risk of heart attacks by half.     x

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First aid: how to act in case of emergency

 When there is a case of emergency we need to know how to act to ensure that the expert help arrives on time. For this it is necessary to pay attention to four basic steps that should be followed in time to provide first aid to a person.
First aid

Four Steps to a first aid care

1. Protection
It is to avoid the danger to the victims and to those who provide first aid. In road accidents, ask the other person to regulate the movement, put a warning sign (triangle) at 150 m from the accident and turn off the car to avoid the risk of explosion. In cases of poisoning by gas or smoke, start to solving the problem by opening the windows. Pull the victim out of the room and close the door. In electrocution, cut the power of place or unplug before touching the injured.

Two. Alert
If there are two people at the scene, one of them will be responsible for helping the victim and the other for calling emergency which provide medical first aid. If there is a single person, first protect the wounded and then ask for help. Call the fire department and report the nature of the accident ,

  indicating the circumstances, the precise location and number of injured and the apparent severity of your condition.
3. Analysis of victim
To help an injured, first aid shall contain an assessment of your health: Check the state of consciousness, if he answered the questions (name, address), realize simple commands (open eyes, close at hand) and physical stimuli (pinch your arm); Assess for bleeding;

Check breathing, place your ear close to the lips of the wounded to feel the air and observe the movements of the chest and abdomen.

Also check your pulse on your wrist or neck. The normal heart rate is 60-100 beats per minute; in children younger than 1 year is 120. should Pulse taken every 3 minutes.

Complete with a quick test: check for fractures  apparent if there is cyanosis (bluish or purplish lips and nails), pallor or sweating.

4. The rescue
First aidIf the victim does not respond to any stimulus, get help and start making the process of resuscitation, basic first aid maneuver. In children, first make 2 minute resuscitation before calling for help.
Prepare the victim. Lay it on a hard surface with the belly up.

  The rescuer should remove foreign objects from the patient's mouth and then open the airway bringing the chin hurt to see the victim's chest rise.

If opening the airway does not cause the victim to make breathing movements, we must begin a process of breathing mouth to mouth . Likewise, if the patient has no pulse, you need to do CPR with mouth to mouth breathing. If you do not know how to do these procedures, wait for the specialized help.

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Maintain oral health involves an investigation of the body!

The doctor ordered additional tests , now what? "Each time a person enters the office, the assessment of your problem must be made ​​from whole, not isolated the problem. After all, our mouth is not separate from our bodies, then everything that happens in one reflects the other. And vice versa.

Once, a patient came into my office to find out the source of your bad breath . On examining it, I noticed that your oral health is not presented anything that could be the cause of their trouble   

. The answer came in the anamnesis , which is the general analysis of the state of the individual. He told me he was already in medical treatment who had just discovered that she had developed a framework for diabetes , disease characterized, among other symptoms, the presence of ketone breath.

In many situations, we could not immediately detect what type of problem a tooth (or all) features. From there, use extra features to define a proper diagnosis. Famous are the complementary examinations .

The role of laboratory tests
Supplementary examinations serve to complete the diagnosis that show characteristic signs of a disease. In this general analysis fit the radiographs , performed in the same institute appropriate or in the office, the anamnesis , which are the questions about the health of a patient, and laboratory tests ,

 blood, urine, etc..
The latter, laboratory, are not normally requested by the dentist, but now have been most used, due to the increasing demand of interested in performing dental implants . Measure blood pressure is also a practice that should become habit in dental offices. Many patients have been referred to a cardiologist or other specialist, to have an alteration of health found by  additional tests . 

It is important to understand that an infection in the mouth means an infection in our body, is no less important or requires little attention. If it remains too long without due care can spread, as is the case with  bacterial endocarditis , when characteristics of mouth bacteria lodge in the heart and to develop an infection,

bacteremia, septcemia or other disease. Only additional tests may indicate which way to go with each patient.

So the next time your dentist request extra exam, do not ignore. Sometimes, what the patient thinks is small, it is only the tip of the iceberg. Take care always!

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Friday, 4 July 2014

Sleep apnea does not let you sleep well? Learn how to control

Did you know that there are people suffering breathing during sleep? I believe, it is more common than you think. The sleep apnea refers to a group of serious disorders in which breathing is suspended suddenly while sleeping. This time is sufficiently long to cause a blood deoxygenation and brain and increase the amount of carbon dioxide. The sleep apnea usually obstructive or central.

The sleep apnea results from a central dysfunction of the brain that controls breathing zone. Have a sleep apnea is obstructive due to an obstruction in the throat or upper respiratory tract. Apnea may indicate blockage in the throat or upper respiratory tract. Photo:

  Shutterstock Apnea may indicate blockage in the throat or upper respiratory tract. Photo: Shutterstock The obstructive sleep apnea In the cases of sleep apnea is obstructive, sometimes manifests a combination of low concentrations of oxygen in the blood , high levels of carbon dioxide are prolonged.

The result is to reduce the sensitivity of the brain such anomalies, adding an element central to obstructive sleep apnea disorder. Generally, sleep apnea obstructive appears in obese men, mostly often try sleeping on your back. This disorder is much less common in women. Obesity, probably due to aging body tissues and other factors, leads to narrowing of the upper airway.    

  The risk of developing obstructive sleep apnea is enlarged by the habit of smoking, alcohol consumption and lung diseases such as emphysema. Genetic predisposition should also be analyzed.Symptoms of sleep apnea The symptoms of sleep apnea should be observed by someone while the person sleeps.

 Make noises while sleeping is the most common symptom and is associated with suffocation, the pauses in breathing and rude awakening. In severe cases, affected persons have repeated bouts of breathlessness associated with obstructive sleep. This can occur both at night as by day, which, over time, begins to interfere with the work day, increasing the risk of complications.

  When sleep apnea becomes severe and prolonged, can cause headaches, daytime hypersomnia, decreased mental activity and ultimately heart failure and pulmonary. Therefore, the lungs are unable to oxygenate the blood adequately and to eliminate carbon dioxide. The initial diagnosis is given from the partner's own information, however, confirmation and evaluation of the severity of the case will be given through a sleep

  study in a laboratory. Treatment of sleep apnea Patient with sleep apnea obstructive should stop smoking, avoid alcohol abuse and provide weight loss.

 They are not recommended for people with severe snoring treatments with tranquilizers, sleeping medication or other sedatives, or for those who suffer from shortness of breath during sleep.

 Have people with sleep apnea often central to benefit from the use of an instrument that helps to breathe while sleeping. The postural change during sleep is also important: the position of sleeping on your side or upside down is recommended. In rare cases of people with sleep apnea severe,

  it required tracheotomy , a surgical procedure that consists of the permanent opening into the trachea through the neck. However, this extreme measure is only indicated in a few situations and is performed by an expert.

Understand the risks of self for women

Self-medication is common habit among thousands of people. Since the days of our grandparents, who already used this practice, until today, from generation to generation. When we were kids and queixávamos in headache or flu, our mother now he drew a compressed cabinet or else made a homemade remedy that was "shot and fall".

Thus, it is proved that many people go directly to the pharmacy to buy medicine before you even think to look for the doctor. In addition, several studos now show that there is a higher prevalence of women adept at self-medication, which is a situation that has worried governments of several countries because of the risk of self-medication for health.

Many women tend to buy medicine for my home, for a time when our husband or children need. But in most cases they are unaware of the true action of these drugs and the adverse reactions they can cause. Moreover, often the drugs react with each other and with food by changing its formula and mechanism of action, which can cut or potentiate the action of the remedy in question.

and 2-MagineArt.comFlickr /

Another complication is that of self-medication to try to resolve the symptoms can help treat the real cause of it. For example, when we feel body aches, cough, malaise, the first thing we think is that we are digging colds, because the symptoms of flu are actually cited. But it turns out that these can also be symptoms of pneumonia, dengue and other diseases. So, we prefer to use some of these drug appearing on television. The danger is that by letting go doctor, we may be delaying the appropriate treatment for the disease that we really have. the risks of self for women

1 - Laxatives : their indiscriminate use can cause intestinal disorders and even bowel perforation, the fact that the fecal matter can get very stiff. Prefer a balanced diet, fiber and drink plenty of water;

2 - Antibiotics : There are several available in pharmacies and each serves to attack a different kind of bacteria. His frequent use can make our body becomes resistant to its action;

3 - Antacids : are used to relieve stomach cramps, but these pains can be alert for ulcers, tumors, pancreatitis and even acute myocardial infarction;

4 - Creams and ointments : women hate us blemishes and signs ne skin of the face and body. So whenever we see any sign soon departed for using some cream in despareça intention that the stain.But these ointments can cause contact dermatitis, and masking skin cancer. So, seeing spots, seek immediate medical;

5 - Vitamins : Vitamins some excess can cause disease, for example, enough vitamin C can cause gastrointestinal disorders and renal calculus;

6 - Teas and herbal remedies: natural even though they possess substances that can cause allergic reactions and drug interactions, as well as any other drug.

Besides the side effects that the medication may cause there are still risks of drug interactions :

    Using contraceptive along with herbal medicine: reduces up to 60% of the contraceptive action;

    Using contraceptive along with  antibiotics : many antibiotics reduce contraceptive effects of the pill even if it is used correctly. So it is important to ask the doctor if the prescribed antibiotic has this property;

    Using hormones with contraceptive : female hormones, like estrogen, along with the contraceptive may increase blood clotting, causing the woman can be affected by thrombosis, heart attack or even stroke;

    Using paracetamol together with anti-inflammatory : can damage the kidneys causing, for example, renal failure;

    Use slimming drugs along with  antidepressants : can cause tachycardia, increased blood pressure and consequently risk of stroke.

Sleeping bem is critical to leave the body regulated

Sleeping well is a condition seen as essential for our body is always healthy. To have a regulated body , the sleep quality and duration of your exercise decisive influence and should be avoided as much excess and lack of sleep. Doctors recommend that humans need sleep about seven hours a night to have a regulated body .

 For those who do not achieve this with a sleep duration is a warning: sleep deprivation can cause many problems in the human body, especially hormonal disorders .

 The impact of sleep on obtaining a regulated body are easy to understand. People who do not get enough sleep end up making it harder for the body to carry out fundamental processes for the balance between all the functions that the body needs to be healthy play

 . It is important to understand that much of the process of growth of the body during sleep. When sleep is short or of poor quality, this growth ends up being harmed. Therefore, achieving a body governed will become more difficult.

 Some problems can affect sleep. Sleep apnea or raucous snoring can impair sleep and thus act against the search for a regulated body . It is during the first stage of deep sleep that the body produces the hormone GH, responsible for growth. When the person is awake at this stage due to snoring or sleep apnea, for example, the production of GH is compromised.

  Besides helping in the growth, this hormone also helps maintain muscle strength , improving physical performance and preventing the accumulation of fat. Sleeping bem is important because during sleep, is released leptin, a substance that controls the fullness of the individual.

 Therefore, tem uma Person who have difficulty sleeping but possibilidades becoming obese. Tips for quality sleep There are a number of factors that can affect your sleep. Try to sleep in a very dark room because the light interferes with the production of melatonin, the hormone that causes sleep.

  Perform physical activities also help to have a quiet sleep and a body governed , however, they should be practiced three hours before bedtime, or more. Before bed, prefers light foods such as fruits and vegetables. Try not to drink caffeine and remember that excessive alcohol can also disrupt sleep and cause snoring.

  In the search for a regulated body , always try to keep a routine and regular schedule for sleeping and waking. Also the pillow has an important role to quality sleep. He must be at the correct height for your size, filling the space between the head and shoulder.

  Another tip on the pillow is that it should be replaced, preferably every two years. Still prefer to sleep on their sides, which is the most suitable by doctors and therapists. Still seeking quality sleep, try using two pillows : one for the head and one between your knees.

Apnea has no cure, but can be controlled. Find out how!

Sleep apnea is a disorder characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep. It occurs when the airways are narrowed to the point that end up getting blocked. The apnea has no cure , but you can control it.

  This pause in breathing is called an apnea episode and there are many people face this situation while sleeping at different scales. Generally, during sleep , pharynx remains open enough to permit the passage of air. What happens in people who have apnea is that this part of the canyon is narrower. CPAP is considered the standard treatment for obstructive sleep apnea.

  Photo: Shutterstock CPAP is considered the standard treatment for obstructive sleep apnea. Photo: Shutterstock Usually people who have sleep apnea snore too, precisely because snoring is caused by air trying to pass through the blocked airway .

Thus, as no cure apnea , snoring ends up becoming a big nuisance, especially when you sleep together. Apnea has no cure but can be treated Unfortunately, apnea has no cure , but there are some factors that may help reduce the occurrence of this sleep disorder.

  The major goal of treatment is to keep the airways open during the period in which we sleep. Apnea sufferers should take some preventive measures like avoiding the intake of alcohol and sedatives before bedtime, avoid sleeping belly up and maintain ideal weight.

 The apnea has no cure , but can also be addressed through more complex treatments, such as CPAP, which is a mask for continuous positive airway pressure.

This is considered the standard treatment for obstructive sleep apnea in most people, although many of them do not tolerate treatment with CPAP, which is applied by a machine with a tight face mask. The use of dental appliances in the mouth at night to keep positioned farther forward, the jaw can also help some people reduce apnea. Since apnea has no cure , this simple caution can prevent the recurrence of the disorder.

 In some cases, surgery is the best option. This intervention can result in the removal of excess tissue in the back of the throat (called a tracheostomy), so as to create an opening in the trachea around the blocked

 respiratory tract. It is a procedure indicated if any physical problems or surgery on the nose or in the bone cavity. Remember that the surgery to remove the tonsils and adenoids may cure the disease in children, but she does not seem to be effective in most adults. For them, remains the understanding that the apnea has no cure . Complications that may arise

 As the apnea has no cure , if it is left untreated, other complications may arise. Because of daytime sleepiness , people with apnea have a higher risk of sleeping or falling asleep at the wheel during working hours. Untreated, sleep apnea can worsen some cardiovascular diseases such as cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure, high blood pressure, sexual dysfunction or stroke.

  There are some factors that can cause the problem, as certain formats palate , causing the airway is narrower or close more easily.

 Also tonsils and large adenoids in children are likely to block the airway. Other factors are the wide neck or collar bone (43cm or more in men and 40 cm or more in women) or a large tongue, which can wind and block the airway.

Watching pornography is harmful to the brain, says study

 Pornography is harmful to the brain

Scientists have discovered that there may be a relationship between the act of watching pornography for several hours a week and the volume of gray matter in the right lobe of the brain. According to experts at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development, has also been less activity in the prefrontal cortex.  

According to the researchers, "These effects may include changes in neuronal plasticity resulting from intense stimulation of the pleasure center, "they add. The study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, Psychiatry.
Experts say you can not prove that these phenomena are caused by the consumption of pornography. But according to the researchers, this work presents the first evidence of the existence of a link between the act of watching porn and a reduction in the size and activity of the brain in response to sexual stimulation.

Search: pornography is harmful to the brain

For the research were recruited 64 men aged 21-45 years and in good health. Participants were asked to answer a questionnaire about time spent watching pornographic videos, which resulted in an average of four hours per week. They also did a CT scan (MRI) of the brain to measure the volume and see how he reacted to pornographic images.

The scientists found that the more we watched pornographic videos and the greater the striatum of the brain, the less nervous structure just below the cerebral cortex.

The researchers also observed that the higher was the consumption of pornographic images and greater connections between the striatum and prefrontal cortex, the more the brain's outer layer (linked to behavior and decision making) was deteriorated.

Another conclusion of the study states that "individuals whose volume is smaller brain striatum may need more external stimuli for fun. So they look for in porn movies more fun, which can also lead to consume more, creating a kind of addiction. "

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Thursday, 3 July 2014

Eye surgery corrects any defect in my sight? Learn more

Vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism are increasingly being corrected by means of laser operations. However, eye surgery more popular in the world can cause a number of complications after a while, which has generated questions among people about the extent to which this procedure applies to correct any defect in my sight . Methods for ocular surgery Currently,

 the eye surgery the laser is performed by two methods: Lasik and PRK. The Lasik method is the most used, being able to correct up to 12 degrees of myopia and hyperopia six and four astigmatism. cirurgia eye Before performing an eye surgery is necessary to evaluate their pros and cons.

  Photo: Shutterstock What is Lasik eye surgery consisting in the application of laser to reshape the cornea in order to change the point where the eye focuses on objects and fix the degree of myopia , hyperopia and astigmatism.

  This change is made ​​so that the light falls perfectly on the retina. To this, the eye surgery carries a cut in the most superficial layer of the cornea with an instrument called a microkeratome, lifting the flap of fabric so that the laser can recreate the shape of the cornea , and replacing in its place in the sequence. Have the PRK method, which corrects up to four degrees of vision problem, remove a thin layer of cells of the eye

 , called the epithelium, and makes eye surgery without cuts, remodeling the shape of the cornea acting on its surface. Risks of eye surgery One of the most frequent complications of eye surgery laser is dry eye .   

By using the microkeratome, a large number of nerve fibers that pass the cornea is cut, creating a significant impact on tear production . Moreover, by changing the shape of the cornea, the Lasik method also changes the distribution of this fluid, further aggravating the problem. It is estimated that 100% of patients undergoing

 eye surgery through Lasik dry eye should present after the operation. However, the table is not permanent, at least in most cases. This is because the nerves regenerate three to six months, which causes symptoms disappear. As with any surgical procedure, the eye surgery through Lasik method is not a risk free

 procedure. However, when properly indicated, it brings great results . Studies conducted in 2005 showed that most of those who have undergone the method of eye surgery reported significant improvement in quality of life .'s chance of success is quite high, since the patient is assessed by qualified professionals.

 Recommendations for eye surgery To make the eye surgery to correct any defect in vision, it is recommended that the patient is over 18 years old and present a stable correction of more than half a degree in the last year or a degree in the last two years. Another clinical recommendation is that the individual who will undergo the surgical procedure has no corneal disease , eg, dry eye.

 In addition, surgery is not recommended for patients with autoimmune diseases and systemic diseases such as diabetes , because the outcome also depends on wound healing. Women who are pregnant or of breastfeeding should also not to undergo eye surgery . Liked the article? What is your opinion about it? Come share your experiences and take your questions in the Discussion Forum Doutíssima !

 Click here to register! Learn more: Olho dry Syndrome: understand what it is and how treatment Dealing with the loss of vision Myopia: understand what it is and how to treat Stop eating in front of the television!

Meals with family improves social relations Misuse of contact lenses can cause corneal ulcer Know the dangers of using fake sunglasses Myth or truth: reading on the bus or drive off the retina

Ebola back? Disease is scaring Guinea and neighboring countries

Recently, an outbreak of fever Ebola registered in Guinea, a country on the west coast of Africa, startled the small community of 70 Brazilians residing in the country. Info realize that at least 63 people had reportedly died from the disease . According to international news agencies, 13 cases of Ebola have been confirmed.

Symptoms of Ebola fever Guinean authorities have issued some recommendations for avoiding infection, but admit the fear regarding fever Ebola . The virus Ebola causes a disease characteristic of a kind of hemorrhagic fever and has no cure and can kill a person in a matter of days, depending on the viral mutation. Ebola virus causes a type of hemorrhagic fever, has no cure and can kill. Photo:

 Shutterstock Ebola virus causes a type of hemorrhagic fever, has no cure and can kill. Photo: Shutterstock Among the symptoms, Ebola can cause high fever, and headaches and muscle, conjunctivitis and weak. In the acute phase, Ebola causes vomiting, diarrhea and bleeding. Can be transmitted through the respiratory tract , or by contact with bodily fluids of infected persons. Precautions regarding the outbreak of ebola

The outbreak of Ebola was recorded in the region of southern Guinea forests and, according to authorities, is under controle.No However, neighboring countries are also suffering from suspected Ebola , such as Liberia and Sierra Leone. The Brazilian community may be withdrawn from Guinea by aircraft of the Armed Forces in case of need, as the diplomatic mission in Guinea.

Numerous precautions are being taken by the local population in order to prevent infection by Ebola , how to disinfect your hands regularly, avoid crowds and contact with people. Some are making meals at home until the danger passed. The historical connection of Africa with fever Ebola gives more reassurance to Guineans than the Brazilians, since they lived with episodes of epidemics in the past.   

 Still, the current preference is for the consumption of imported products, fish and chicken instead of red meat. However, schools may be noted the use of masks. Quarantine due to ebola fever Despite the arrival of the virus ebola Guinea, Brazilians living in the country report that little has changed on the day of Guinean
 capital. Fruits and vegetables in the area of native forest where it was recorded an outbreak are quarantined. In prevention of fever Ebola , most people try to avoid public transportation for short distances,

 although many buses in the only means of transportation. Sanitary conditions in the country are poor and those who can afford are only drinking bottled water. Have the government advised people also in preventing the virus ebola , to avoid the consumption of meat from wild animals and vetoed public   

 funerals for victims of Ebola , aiming to reduce the chances of infection. Liberia, which borders southeastern Guinea, also recorded five deaths possibly have to do with the virus Ebola . In Sierra Leone, two casualties reported in the border city of Boidu are suspected. Another recent outbreak of Ebola in Africa

  occurred in Mali, the fourth country affected. Although the World Health Organization (WHO) has not restricted the trips to the region, the fear of proliferation of ebola increases worldwide.

Doubt the reader: why yawning is contagious?

One of the biggest mysteries that permeate the universe understand why yawning is contagious . In a conversation of friends, just a person open his mouth and drop one yawn to happen one ripple effect on all the others. Only reading about yawning, can also cause the urge to yawn. Unraveling why yawning is contagious There are some theories proposed to understand why yawning is contagious .

  Initially, one must understand that yawning is nothing more than one of the oldest rituals in the animal kingdom. Yawning usually occurs when we are tired or very sleepy. Photo: Shutterstock Yawning usually occurs when we are tired or very sleepy. Photo: Shutterstock Yawning involves various body parts. First, the mouth opens and allows the entry of a greater amount of air in the lungs .

 Then, filling the lungs with air, he flexes the abdominal muscles and the diaphragm pushes. Soon after, this air is expelled through the lungs and felt a momentary relief. Tiredness or sleep explain why yawning is contagious? Yawning results usually when we are tired or very sleepy .

  However, there are many other theories that attempt to explain why we yawn and why yawning is contagious

. Some scholars show that it can be connected to how we breathe, while others believe that yawning has a thermoregulatory function. Ie, the incidence of yawning is much greater when we are in an environment with higher temperature than our body.

Several factors contribute to make it happen, but the big question is in why we could not avoid yawning when we see others yawn, but the answer to the question about why yawning is contagious is not simple. Emotions explain why yawning is contagious?

 One of the theories about why yawning is contagious yawning is that it would be a primitive form of communication. Ie, the communicator and yawns, while yawning, also the receiver acknowledges the receipt of the message . Other studies indicate that one of the factors for which this phenomenon occurs is associated with the relationship we have with people. There are many hypotheses elaborated on why

yawning is contagious . This unconscious command is one of the mysteries of our mind , because we can hardly yawn when we want or when we are being watched. Empathy can answer why yawning is contagious Researchers from Leeds University in England conducted a study with 40 psychology students and 40

  engineering students. Students were alone in a room with an assistant who yawned 10 times for a while. Psychology students, by having more training focused on human relations , yawned an average of 5.5 times. Have engineering students, accustomed to working with numbers and designs,
 yawned 1.5 times during the period. The study reinforces one of the theories that try to unravel why yawning is contagious examined by neurologists, showing that the act of yawning is associated with the same part of the brain that deals with empathy . In the animal world, there are situations that reinforce the idea that we
 yawn closer to people we like . Dogs, for example, yawn when he sees another dog yawning as well as respond to the stimulus in the presence of their owners. He wondered if it works? Pay attention to your pet.

Understand endometriosis, a disease that affects 10% of Brazilian

The Endometriosis is a disease more common than we realize. It affects about 176 million women worldwide. Only in Brazil, it is estimated that endometriosis affects the lives of six million Brazilian. High incidence of endometriosis According to a study by the Brazilian Association of Endometriosis, about 10% to 15% of women between 13 and 45 years old may develop the disease to be of reproductive age.

 Moreover, the chances of infertility for these women may reach 30%. However, these numbers may be even higher because often the endometriosis is not diagnosed, so it is not treated.

  The most frequent symptom of endometriosis is pain in the abdomen or pelvis. Photo: Shutterstock The most frequent symptom of endometriosis is pain in the abdomen or pelvis. Photo: Shutterstock Causes of Endometriosis 
 The causes of endometriosis are unknown, but there are indications that there is a higher risk in those women who have no case in the family in the first degree, as mother or sister.

 The Endometriosis is a disease characterized by the presence of endometrial - tissue which lines the uterus internally - outside the uterine cavity , in the form of flaps, nodules, lesions or tumors (benign). In endometriosis , it may be the abnormal

 growth of the endometrium in the ovaries, the fallopian tubes , bladder, large intestine or even the ligaments that support the uterus. During ovulation, the endometrium thickens and it happens so that the fertilized egg can take shelter in it. When no fertilization occurs, the end of the cycle , it is expelled by the scale and

 menstruation. However, these cells are born outside the womb are also stimulated by hormones,

 but have no where to go. Thus starting the symptoms of endometriosis , for the blood produced outside the uterus resulting in the degradation of blood, which leads to inflammation, pain and even infertility.

Symptoms of endometriosis The most common symptom of endometriosis is pain in the abdomen or pelvis, particularly during the menstruation period l . However, some women do not have any pain, even though the disease.

 Symptoms of endometriosis may include: - Menstrual cramps and also intense during menstruation; - Chronic pain in back and pelvic region; - Pain during or after sexual intercourse ; - intestinal pain ; - Painful bowel movements or painful urination during menstrual periods; - Menstrual bleeding irregular or heavy; -

 Difficult to get pregnant ; - Diarrhoea, constipation , bloating, or nausea, especially during menstrual periods. Diagnosis of endometriosis The gynecologist can start the diagnosis of endometriosis through your medical history and symptoms presented. However, the diagnosis made ​​by imaging tests is more appropriate to indicate the possible presence or absence of disease, which must be confirmed by specific laboratory tests.  

 How to Treat Endometriosis There is no cure for endometriosis , but there are treatments for the pain and infertility that it causes. So it is important to talk with a doctor about the best method in each case. Treatment for endometriosis depends on the symptoms, age and plans to become pregnant patient. The most commonly used are surgery, in more severe cases, or clinical treatment with hormones